Bears, both real and fictional, are notorious for enjoying honey. Grizzly bears are known to raid hives, and can even be a pest for apiaries. However, it isn’t only the honey that bears are after. A bear enjoys all of the hive, including both its living and non-living contents.
For those of us who grew up watching Winnie the Pooh, a bear’s love for honey is far from a secret, but how much of that fiction is reality?
Whether it’s a cute yellow animated bear or a big burly black bear, these beasts truly enjoy the sweet taste of honey, but why are bears so keen on getting their paws into that golden gooey goodness?
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Do Bears Really Have A Sweet Tooth For Honey?
Bears love honey so much that they are among the biggest vertebrate pests that regularly raid apiaries.
However, it is during their “lean” season that bears really become keen for honey. The lean season follows the period of hibernation (a fasting period where bears consistently burn four thousand calories a day). Hibernation causes them to lose the majority of their energy reserves to keep their bodies metabolically active without food.
Bears will consume about 20,000 calories a day during lean season. This helps them build up new fat reserves, which will get them through the next winter and hibernation period.
Now, can they gain all of those calories through honey alone? Unlike Pooh Bear’s diet, bears in the real world need more than just honey.
Do Bears Raid Hives For More Than Honey?
Sure, honey is sweet, but the real prize is the hive comb, with the pupae, larvae, eggs, and honey bees.
Each tablespoon of honey contains roughly 65 calories, so if a bear were to sustain their daily 5,000-calorie requirement with just honey, they would need to consume close to 1.2 liters of honey each day! Pooh might have stores of honey in his cozy house, but real-world bears don’t have that luxury.
While honey is rich in sugars, such as fructose, glucose, maltose, sucrose, and vitamins and minerals, it has a limited amount of protein. The honey might satisfy the bear’s sweet cravings, but its nutritional value falls short on the protein front.
The bees and their larvae—rich in fat and proteins—are therefore an amazing source of protein for the bears to supplement the carbohydrates from honey.
Are Bears Immune To Bee Stings?
If you’re wondering what happens to the bears that stick their faces into a hive, bees—as they instinctively do—tend to sting their predator. The bears’ thick fur provides them with much needed protection, but their snouts, faces and tongues are still vulnerable areas for bee stings. However, resilient as they are, bears will get stung and endure the pain in order to get their mitts on some sweet gooey grub.
What Else Do Bears Eat?
Being the large animals that they are, bears need every bit of nutrition they can get their paws on. Bears are omnivores, meaning that they eat both plants and animals.
In addition to honey, most bears have a taste for a variety of fruits, berries, nuts, fish and even other herbivores, like rodents, fish, moose and deer.
Insects are a favorite snack during summer months, while beechnuts and acorns are preferred during the autumn. Sounds like a pretty balanced diet, huh?
Do All Bears Love Honey?
Whether a bear eats honey or not depends on the geographic location of that bear species. Take polar bears, for example. Living in the icy snowing Arctic, where bees cannot thrive, finding honey is a practical impossibility for a polar bear. Their diet consists mostly of fish and marine mammals, such as seals, small whales and dolphins.
Due to the wide availability of bamboo shoots where panda bears live, they have resorted to eating mostly bamboo. Some pandas might also include honey, fruits, eggs and small rodents in their diet. On the other hand, grizzly bears (or brown bears) never miss a chance to devour salmon. However, honey, small deer, insects, berries and nuts are also staple dietary items for Grizzlies.
Koala bears may have ‘bear’ in their name, but they are actually more related to kangaroos and other marsupials than bears. Their diet mostly consists of just eucalyptus leaves. Yum?
Ever wondered why Tigger, Piglet and Eeyore didn’t go head over heels for honey like Pooh did? Well, not all animals have taste receptors for sweetness on their tongues. Carnivores, in particular, have evolved to lose their sweet-taste receptors. Bears are an exception. Not only do they have this receptor on their taste buds, but they also put it to use almost every day.
Bears and bees mutually benefit each other. When bears eat fruits and excrete the seeds, it helps in seed dispersal and the subsequent growth of more flowers. This provides the bees with more flowers to pollinate.
So, even though bears gulp down a lot of bees along with their honey, balance in the ecosystem is maintained.
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References (click to expand)
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